— Chio Jen (Tang Dynasty)
What is your favorite tea type? For many the answer is — oolong!
What makes oolong so favored? Perhaps its multidimensionality, the variety present within this single tea category. A lightly roasted oolong has a resemblance most similar to green teas, while a dark roasted oolong will resemble black tea. Nevertheless, it is neither. It is in between and can not be imitated.
Briefly, What Is Oolong?
Oolong tea has existed for over 1000 years.
From Chinese oolong translates as Black Dragon. It is a fairly oxidized tea that sits in between green tea and black tea.
The processing involves certain degrees of withering, rolling, shaking, bruising, and firing. The resulting amount of oxidation depends on the desired finish of the tea. This can be an oolong tea that is lightly fermented, like delicate-tasting green teas, to one which is almost fully fermented, like dark and bold flavored black teas.
Today the areas which are most famous for producing oolong are Fujian and Guangdong in China, and Taiwan.
Best Oolong Tea: The 5 Most Popular Oolong Teas
We think almost everyone who is somewhat acquainted with oolongs has heard about this magical tea — Milk Oolong. Well, of course, the name sounds so intriguing. So sweet and creamy. There exists many a legend claiming that this type of oolong tea is steamed in the sweet, creamy milk of Taiwan’s finest grass-fed grazing cows. Nope. It all has to do with the cultivar — the Jin Xuan tea bush, and the precise processing methods that the tea farmers utilize. The result — a fresh, slightly floral, slightly grassy oolong tea with an aroma reminiscent of sweet cream or milk. Indeed, if done right, this tea has no comparison. However, beware of artificially flavored milk oolong. This tea, in particular, is especially acclaimed in Taiwan, where the farmers have perfected its processing techniques. Read more.
Dong Ding Oolong
Also known as Frozen Summit Oolong tea, another very popular lightly oxidized oolong coming from Taiwan. It grows at an altitude of 1000 meters and above. The result — a strong, easily recognizable fresh taste with a delectably sweet aftertaste. Have you gotten tea drunk off of Dong Ding Oolong Tea yet!?
Tie Guan Yin
Also popularly known as Iron Goddess, there are two versions of this tea. A heavily roasted one prevailing in Taiwan, and a lightly roasted one from Anxi Province in China. Read more.
Da Hong Pao
Otherwise known as Big Red Robe Wuyi Oolong. Being one of our absolute favorites, this tea is exactly what it sounds like — a comforting big red robe of delicious sweet roasted flavor and an unmistakable mineral taste. Many of China’s poets have tried describing this magical quality it possesses — the rock rhyme, or yan yun. In short, it is the gracefulness of this Wuyi oolong tea. The elegant connection between all of the tea’s qualities. We too tried writing about it; however, the best way to find out what we’re talking about would be to taste it for yourself.
Duck Shit Oolong
Otherwise known as Ya Shi Xiang Dan Cong Oolong, we think the name alone makes this tea deserving of a taste! It is one of the most popular teas from the famous Dan Cong Oolong family, where each tea mimics a particular flower. Duck Shit oolong tea, thankfully, doesn’t mimic what it sounds like. On the opposite, it was a clever story developed by the tea farmer who discovered this incredible aromatic tea to trick people into thinking that he uses duck shit in the soil, so they wouldn’t be interested in drinking it. Read more about this fun legend and the delicious tea that came from it here.
Choosing The Right Teaware For Your Oolong
- Round and tall teapots with thin walls
Round teapots are perfect for rounding out and mellowing teas, making them sweeter. They also ensure that rolled oolongs have enough room to expand.
For Dark Oolongs:
- Flat teapots with thick walls work best
Because darker teas require longer brewing times, the tea leaves rest on the bottom, releasing all their best qualities.
We recommend sticking to one tea type per teapot, allowing for it to develop its own tea oil coating.
How To Make Oolong Tea (The Gong Fu Cha Way)