Let's take an in-depth look at matcha vs. green tea. Yes, technically matcha is stone-ground powdered green tea. But we cannot take the green tea leaves we have sitting in our cupboard and grind those up. Matcha tea processing is a complex tradition that is hundreds, even thousands, years old. The amount of people who know how to process matcha vs. those who process other types of green tea is quite limited. Even the tea leaves used for preparing the powder require special growth conditions. So let's discuss what makes both matcha powder and Japanese green tea so unique in their own way.
Brief History of Tea In Japan
Tea was first brought over to Japan by Japanese Buddhist monks in the 7th century, although it didn't entirely catch on until the late 1100s.
During the time, in Tang Dynasty China, tea was primarily consumed in its powdered form. Loose leaf green tea, typically sencha, didn't make its way into Japanese tea culture until the 17th century when people were looking for a simple way of drinking tea instead of partaking in chanoyu, which was generally available only to the elite.
Nowadays, matcha is not nearly the most common tea in Japan. The majority of people drink sencha, whether it's at home, as a complimentary tea at a restaurant or eatery, or even bottled sencha iced tea from a convenience store.
Sencha is the champion for tea-drinking trends in Japan, with 70% of all tea produced in Japan being sencha green tea.
And although matcha has gained its popularity in the form of a nice creamy matcha latte and various baked good. Traditional Japanese matcha tea ceremonies (chanoyu) are practiced rarely by majority.
Matcha Tea vs. Green Tea Processing
Tea gardens that grow leaves for matcha processing are shaded for several weeks before harvest. This is what gives matcha that characteristic deep green color. Only the top leaves are picked, which are the sweetest and richest in nutrients, plus they have higher caffeine content. Consequently, matcha is higher in caffeine than green tea like sencha.
After harvesting the tea leaves for matcha production, they are dried, carefully de-veined and de-stemmed by hand, only then will the long and slow stone-grinding process begin.
Sencha, on the other hand, is grown in the sunlight. The new shoots, leaves, and stems are harvested. After harvest sencha is briefly steamed to preserve its potent green color and fresh vegetal taste.
Matcha Benefits vs Green Tea Benefits
When it comes to health, matcha benefits have green tea beat.
For example, one serving of Japanese matcha green tea contains:
- 10 times the antioxidants of a serving of green tea
- 5 times more L-theanine, which improves our focus and creativity
- 15 times more vitamin c
- 80 times the protein
Overall, drinking 1 cup of matcha is pretty much the equivalent of drinking 10 cups of sencha. This is because when we drink sencha, we only drink whatever got infused into the water from the tea leaves, while in the case of matcha, we are consuming the whole tea leaf.
For this reason, it is essential to always pay extra attention to the source of your matcha powder and buy organic whenever possible.
Matcha vs Green Tea Caffeine
Does matcha have caffeine? Yes! Since matcha is a type of green tea, it naturally has some caffeine. In fact, since the whole tea leaf is used for matcha preparation, matcha caffeine content is actually higher than any other green tea caffeine content. While in general a loose leaf green tea might contain about 10-15% caffeine of a cup of coffee, matcha can contain anywhere up to half. Read more.
Price of Matcha vs. Green Tea
One gram of organic matcha is 36 cents, while one gram of Fukamushi Sencha is 25 cents. When comparing this way, sencha is cheaper. However, the preparation method is often overlooked when comparing the two types of green tea.
For one serving of sencha, we use 6 grams of tea leaves, while we use only 1 gram for a serving of matcha. For most, having one serving of matcha per day is enough. Read more.
How To Make Matcha Tea
How To Make Japanese Green Tea